[Johann Wolfgang von Goethe]
iconic indexical integrated indexical symbolic interactions patterns levels multi-level systems convergence divergence integrated divergence emergence REFERENCE Deacon, T.W. (1997). The symbolic species: The co-evolution of language and the brain. New York: Norton.
What happens when there is no leader? Starlings, bees, and ants manage just fine. In fact, they form staggeringly complicated societies — all without a Toscanini to conduct them into harmony. This hour of Radiolab, we ask how this happens. We gaze down at the bottom-up logic of cities, Google, and even our very own […]
What is the phenomenon known as emergence? Birds, atmospheric disturbances, and city dwellers self-organize, giving rise to flocks, hurricanes, and distinct neighborhoods. Such entirely new properties and behaviors “emerge,” with no one directing and no one able to foresee the new characteristics from knowledge of the constituents alone. In this slide show, see how emergence […]
…Emergence, when you first see it, seems mysterious…The organization comes from the bottom up. So, at the bottom, we have these things that are following their own sets of rules, often fairly simple… From these simple rules, very complex patterns can spontaneously emerge… And so it came to be called “emergent complexity” or simply, “emergence”. […]
Carl Popper, the great philosopher said, “All problems are either clouds or clocks.” A clock is a… to understand a clock, you can take it apart, it’s individual pieces and you study the pieces and then you can understand how a clock works. A cloud, you can’t take apart a cloud. A cloud is a […]