Abstraction as levels of perception

categorization: perceiving different types of things; perceptual representation

similarity: perceiving shared relationships among different types of things; associative representation

analogy: perceiving meaning from the shared relationships of different types of things; conceptual representation



David J. Chalmers • Robert M. French • Douglas R. Hofstadter | High-level perception, representation, and analogy: A critique of artificial intelligence methodology

Kenneth D. Forbus • Dedre Gentner • Arthur B. Markman • Ronald W. Ferguson | Analogy just looks like high level perception: Why a domain-general approach to analogical mapping is right